Until the end of the Brexit transition period, the list of high-risk countries was determined by the EU under the 4th Anti Money Laundering Directive.
From 1 January 2021, the UK has had its own standalone list. Since then, any amendments made by the European Union to their list do not have effect in the UK.
The United Kingdom (UK) government has added Ghana to a list of 21 high-risk countries with unsatisfactory money laundering and terrorist financing controls.
The list of 21 countries published by the UK Government under “The Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing (Amendment) (High-Risk Countries) Regulations 2021” has been approved by both Houses of the UK’s Parliament.
The full list of high-risk third countries includes Albania, Barbados, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan, Iran, Jamaica, Mauritius, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Senegal, Syria, Uganda, Yemen and Zimbabwe.
According to the UK government, the nations in this category pose a threat because of weak tax controls and lack of check and balance on terrorism financing and money laundering.
The list came into force on March 26, 2021 and was released as part of post-Brexit developments. Until the end of the Brexit transition period, the list of high-risk countries was determined by the European Union (EU) under the 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive but the UK now has its own standalone list.
The UK government said the new list of high-risk third countries has been issued for the purposes of enhanced customer due diligence requirements.